Globally, governments are investing in digital infrastructure to foster innovation, growth, and market diversification. This infrastructure is vital for launching new businesses and transforming conventional models. Understanding the current state of Indonesia’s digital infrastructure is critical in allowing digital economy stakeholders to harness the Indonesian market.

To that end, BeritaSatu Research, the research arm of BeritaSatu Media Holding, began mapping out Indonesia’s existing and planned information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure in 2021.

In this report, we look at Indonesia’s digital infrastructure, including network connectivity, data centers, cybersecurity measures, personal data protection issues, and digital talents.

This Indonesia Digital Infrastructure Report is the first of a series of annual reports intended to provide a continuous update on the country’s digital infrastructure development.

We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology and Telkom Indonesia for this report, but its contents are the responsibilities of the authors.

We benefited from the insights and comments of five external reviewers: Rudiantara, Commissioner of PT Vale Indonesia Tbk.; Alexander Rusli, Independent Commissioner of Link Net; Alex J. Sinaga, Former President Director of Telkom Indonesia; Bayu Prawira Hie, Digital Transformation Expert; and Onno W. Purbo, Vice-Rector, Institute Technology Tangerang Selatan (ITTS).

We are grateful to Nizam, the interim Director General of Higher Education, Research, and Technology, for feedback on digital skills training and education; Hendra Suryakusuma, Chairman of the Indonesia Data Center Association (IDPRO) for sharing his insights on data centers in Indonesia; I Gede Darmayusa, a Director of PT XL Axiata for comments on mobile- and fixed broadband network; Heru Sutadi, Executive Director of Indonesia ICT Institute.